All Terms

TermDescription
AbscessA local infection resulting in the collection of pus under pressure.  A dental abscess may be caused by severe decay, trauma, or gum disease and can cause swelling and pain. 
AbutmentAbutments are the part of the bridge used to support the replacement of the missing teeth
AmalgamAmalgams are also known as silver fillings.  Amalgams are usually placed on t he back teeth.
AnaestheticA local anaesthetic relieves the sensation of pain in a localised area
BridgeA fixed appliance that replaces missing teeth.  A bridge is a series of crowns.
BruxismBruxism is the clenching or grinding of teeth
CalculusCalculus which is also known as tartar is hardened (calcified) plaque. 
CanalA tooth canal is the narrow chamber inside the root of the tooth that contains the nerve and blood vessels of the tooth
CanineThe canine tooth is the third tooth from the centre of the mouth to the back of the mouth.  It is also known as the “eye tooth” and has a pointed edge used for biting
Care PlanA care plan, also known as a treatment plan, is a list of procedures and related costs recommended to treat a patients’ dental needs
Cavity / CavitiesCavity or cavities is another name for tooth decay. 
Composite RestorationComposite or resin restoration is also known as white filling
CrownA crown can be a porcelain or gold cover for a decayed or damaged tooth that has a strong root base
CuspsCusps are the high points on the chewing surfaces of the back teeth.  Back teeth are also known as posterior teeth
Deciduous TeethDeciduous teeth are the baby teeth which are also known as milk teeth.  There are twenty deciduous teeth
DentureA denture is a removable appliance that replaces missing teeth.  It is usually made of plastic or metal.
EnamelEnamel is the hard, outer shiny layer of the tooth. 
ExtractionsAn extraction is the removal of a tooth.
EndodonticsEndodontics, commonly known as root canal treatment, is the treatment of diseases or injuries that affect the root tip or nerve of the tooth. 
Fissure SealantFissure sealant is a clear or coloured application of resin, over the biting surface of the tooth, to help prevent decay.  It is most commonly placed on newly erupted first permanent molar teeth
GingivitisGingivitis is an inflammation of the gums characterised by redness, bleeding and swelling. 
ImplantAn implant is a post that is implanted in the jaw bone.  A crown, bridge or denture may then be retained by the implant
IncisorsThe central and lateral incisors are the first and second teeth from the centre of the mouth to the back of the mouth. 
Inlay / OnlayAn inlay is a laboratory processed restoration made of metal, acrylic, composite or porcelain.
MandibleThe mandible is the lower jaw
MaxillaThe maxilla is the upper jaw
Molar TeethThe first, second and third molar teeth are the sixth, seventh and eighth teeth from the centre of the mouth to the back of the mouth.
Night GuardA night guard is a removable acrylic/plastic appliance which minimises the effects of grinding the teeth or joint problems.  It is usually worn at night to prevent grinding.
OrthodonticsOrthodontics is one of the specialised fields of dentistry concerned with irregularities in the growth and development of teeth
PaedodonticsPaedodontics is the specialisation in the dentistry of children
PalateThe roof of the mouth is known as the palate
Partial dentureA removable appliance that replaces some of the teeth in either the upper or lower jaw
PeriodonticsPeriodontics is the branch of dentistry concerned with diseases affecting the tissues and structures that surround teeth
Permanent molarsThe adult first and second molars are the sixth and seventh teeth from the centre of the mouth to the back of the mouth. 
PlaquePlaque is a sticky, bacteria laden film on the teeth.  If it is not removed by brushing it will harden into tartar which is also known as calculus
PremolarsThe first and second bicuspids are the fourth and fifth teeth from the centre of the mouth to the back of the mouth.  These are the back teeth that are used for chewing.
PreventivePreventive procedures or treatments are used to prevent decay and gum disease
Primary teethPrimary teeth are also known as deciduous teeth or milk teeth
RestorativeRestorative procedures or treatment are performed to restore the missing part of the teeth
Root Canal TreatmentA root canal treatment is the performed to remove nerves from the canal inside the root and replace it with a filling material.  It can be the first phase of restoring a tooth
Root planingRoot planing is the deep cleaning of the teeth to remove tartar (also known as calculus) from below the gumline
SealantSealant, also known as fissure sealant, is a clear or coloured application of resin, over the biting surface of the tooth, to help prevent decay.  It is most commonly placed on newly erupted first permanent molar teeth
Treatment PlanA treatment plan, also known as a care plan, is a list of procedures and related costs recommended to treat a patients dental needs
UlcersMouth ulcers are infected boils which are can be found in the mouth
VeneerA veneer is a porcelain or composite “cover” placed on a tooth.  Veneers are commonly used to improve the look of a tooth
Wisdom TeethThe third molar, which is the eight tooth from the centre of the mouth to the back of the mouth